The Feasts of Israel
A Study by Evan Wiggs
Why Study the Feasts?
Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill. (Mat 5:17 KJV)
For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope. (Rom 15:4 KJV)
Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster. (Gal 3: 24-25 KJV)
We know that the former things were given to us to teach us. The Bible is the whole Word of God.
Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the Sabbath days: Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ. (Col 2: 16-17 KJV)
The feasts are prophetic in their nature of both Christ's first coming and his Second Coming, as we shall see.
REMEMBER! The New Testament is concealed in the Old Testament and the Old Testament is revealed in the New Testament.
The Feast days are in Num. 23; Num 28 - 29; Deut. 16 and Lev. 23.
These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons. (Lev 23:4 KJV)
God set the feast times for a prophetic purpose.
"Feast is "Mow'ed" or an appointed time.
"Holy Convocation" is "Migraw" or a "rehearsal"
The Jews were called together at the appointed times by God to "rehearse" their ultimate salvation which was to be the only begotten Son of God. Note also that the months were 360 day months that only changed in 701BC.
THE ORDER OF THE FEASTS
The Spring Feasts.
Passover 14th Nisan
Feast of Unleavened Bread 15th Nisan
Feast of Firstfruits On the morrow after the sabbath
+49 days: Feast of Weeks (Shavout) Sivan
The Fall Feasts
Feast of Trumpets (Yom Teruah) 1 Tishri
Day of Atonement (Yom Kipper) 9 -10 Tishri
Feast of Tabernacles (Succoth) 15th Tishri
The two calendars:
And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,
This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. (Exo 12:1-2 KJV)
Months Civil (old) Religious (New)
Tishri (Ethanim) 1 7
Cheshvan (Bul) 2 8
Chisleu 3 9
Tevet 4 10
Sh'vat 5 11
Adar 6 12
Nisan (Aviv) 7 1
IIyar (Zif) 8 2
Sivan 9 3
Tammuz 10 4
Av 11 5
Elul 12 6
All the months were 30 days prior to 701 BC giving a 360 day sidereal year.
India Veda texts assume 360 day years
Persia 360 day years. 7th Century BC 5 days added
Chaldea 360 day year, (360 degree circle: 60 min/hr, 60 sec./min.)
Assyria 360 day year, Decade = 3600 days
Egypt 12 30 day months, 5 days added after 7th Cent. BC
360 gods in the theology of the Greek Orpheus
360 Idols in the palace of Dairi in Japan
360 statues surrounding the Hobal in Ancient Arabia
360 icons in the gnostic gneii
360 degrees in a circle
All early calendars were on a 360 day basis.
2nd king of Rome, Numa Pompilius, reorganizes the 360 day calendar in 364BC adding 5 days.
Hezekiah adds 1 month every 6 years.
All ancient calendars changed after 701 BC, ie the Egyptians, Hebrews, Greeks, Phoenicians, Chinese, Mayan, Hindus, Carthaginians, Etruscans, Tuetons, etc. etc.
The Calendar as we know it is a very recent phenomena, most early calendars began in March and some began in October. It wasn't until the 1500's that January was installed as the first month.
Why the change? Only a change in the orbit of the earth would account for a massive change in the calendars of the ancients.
Immanual Veilikovsky thought Venus was a comet captured by the sun and swept Mars off orbit to glance past earth. There is much speculation about a planet the once orbited between Mars and is now rubble (the asteroid belt). Some the asteroids that have struck the earth as iron nickel meteorites have a crystalline structure the evidenced being in the molten core of a planet under pressure and the pressure be suddenly released.
What catastrophe could have caused a planet to tear apart?
Mars exhibits evidences of vast floods on its' surface and immense volcanism. The moon of the earth shows a battered face to us that happened relatively recently. The moons of Mars are almost nothing more than uneven fragments blackened and charred from some ancient catastrophe.
The Martian Moons.
Phobos, 8 miles in diameter, 3% albedo (darkest object in Solar System) rises in the west. Rotates 7h39m.
Demos, 12 miles? diameter, Rotates 30h18m, almost synchronous, rises in east.
Discovered in 1877 by Asaph Hall
Jonathan Swift (1667 - 1745 ) published Gulliver's Travels in 1726 and details the size, Albedo, revolutions and orbits of two moons of Mars, 151 years before their discovery.
Many cultures feared and worshipped Mars, as God of War, Baal etc.. Why? Mars today is a very faint speck in the sky and certainly has no commanding presence.
Patton et. al
Computer program showing Mars could have passed close to earth at least 7 times and up to 13 times before orbit stabilized on a 54 year or multiple of schedule.
Summary of Catastrophes
Oct. 2146 Peleg
Oct. 1930 Tower of Babel
Mar. 1877 Sodom and Gomorrah
Mar. 1663 Job 120,000 miles
Mar. 1447 Exodus plagues 60,000 miles
Oct. 1404 Long Day of Joshua 70,000 miles
Oct. 1188 Deborah 150,000 miles
Oct. 1080 Samuel 150,000 miles
Mar. 1025 David 200,000 miles
Oct. 972 David 120,000 miles
Oct. 864 Elijah 150,000 miles
Oct. 756 Joel - Amos 120,000 miles
Mar. 701 Isaiah 70,000 miles
And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother's name was Joktan. (Gen. 10:25 KJV)
Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the LORD did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the LORD scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth. (Gen. 11:9 KJV)
Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven; (Gen. 19:24 KJV)
For I will at this time send all my plagues upon thine heart, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people; that thou mayest know that there is none like me in all the earth. (Exo 9:14 KJV)
And it came to pass, as they fled from before Israel, and were in the going down to Bethhoron, that the LORD cast down great stones from heaven upon them unto Azekah, and they died: they were more which died with hailstones than they whom the children of Israel slew with the sword.
Then spake Joshua to the LORD in the day when the LORD delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of Ajalon. (Josh 10:11-12 KJV)
They fought from heaven; the stars in their courses fought against Sisera. (Judg 5:20 KJV) Deborah's song.
Passover 14th Nisan
Commemorates the deliverance from Egypt.
(Exo 12:1-14 KJV)
And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,
2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.
3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house:
4 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.
5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:
6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.
7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it.
8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.
9 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof.
10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.
11 And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD'S Passover.
12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.
13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.
14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.
The reference to Passover is also found in:
(Lev 23:5 -6 KJV)
In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the Lord's Passover.
6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.
God predicted the deliverance from Egypt 430 years earlier to the day in Genesis 15:13-16
In Exodus 4:21-23 Israel is called "my firstborn"
What do the Exodus verses tell us about Jesus "The Lamb of God"?
1. On the 10th of the month each household is to choose a lamb from the flock that is without blemish and observe it until the 14th.
Jesus triumphal entry was on the 10th of the month. John 12:1 - 12. Many confrontations with the Pharisees and the Sadducees occur, with the 2nd cleansing of the temple and the Olivet discourse etc. He was "observed".
This entry also ended another prophetic calendar in Daniel 9:25 - 26 or the 69 weeks of years from the decree to rebuild the Temple and Jerusalem.
There were four decrees:
1. Cyrus, 537 B.C., Ezra 11:2-4 Rebuild the Temple
2. Darius, Ezra 6:1-5, 8, 12 Rebuild the Temple
3. Artaxerxes, 458 B.C., Ezra 7:11-26 Rebuild the Temple
4. Artaxerxes, March 14th, 445 B.C. Neh.. 2:5-8, 17, 18 Rebuild the Temple and the city (walls) etc.
69 weeks of years of 360 day years is 173,880 days. This calculates exactly to the 10th of Nisan 32 A.D. This was equal to the 6th of April 32 A.D.
445 B.C. - 32 A.D. (476 x 365) 173,740
March 14th - April 6th 24
Leap years 116
2. The lamb was to be without blemish. or without sin.
Jesus was introduced at the "Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world" in John 1:29, 36
Pilate: "I find no fault in him." John 19:4
Without blemish: 1 Peter 1: 18 - 21
3. The lambs were to be killed by the head of the household (transferred later to the priests in the Temple Deut. 16:1-6) "between the evenings" of the 14th, or at twilight. Passover occurred that night. This was Friday the 13th on the Egyptian calendar. Jesus was killed on the 14th of Nisan, 32 A.D. at the ninth hour or 9:00 A.M. By 32 A.D. there were so many lambs to be inspected the 10th - the 13th was the time of inspection and the 14th from 6:00 A.M. to 6:00 P.M. was the time to kill them.
4. Not a bone was to be broken.
Ex. 12:46, Num. 9:12 and Psalms 34:20, John 19: 31-36.
5. The entire lamb was to be consumed or burnt, with nothing left the next day.
Ex 12:1-13, Lev. 23:4-5
Jesus was our complete sacrifice, nothing more can be added.
6. The people were to eat the lamb in readiness for leaving as they were going on the morrow when the Egyptians woke up with the awful death all around them. They are to eat the lamb with "bitter herbs" Hyssop- which is also used to spread the blood in point 7 below. Bitter herbs represented the suffering the messiah would go through to redeem mankind.
7. The people were to place the blood of the lamb on the overhead lintel and the doorposts on each side with hyssop. Lev. 12:22. Forms a cross.
Blood provides life, Lev. 17:11
Shedding of blood provides remission from sin: Matt. 26:27-28, Heb. 9:22.
Jesus blood on the doorposts of our hearts.
1 John 1:7, Eph. 2:13, John 5:24
The blood would be a sign for the people not the Lord.
8 Uncircumcised could not participate (uncircumcised of heart.)
Deut. 10:16, Jer. 4:4, Gal, 3:26, 6:15, Phil. 3:3, Rom. 2:28-29, 2 Cor.5:17.
Matzah, unleavened bread
Pierced and striped?
middle one broken in half, one piece wrapped in a cloth and hidden.
4 cups of wine offered
3. Redemption / Blessing
4. Taking out.
Mishna, Rabbinic commentary (in some circles judged to have greater authority than the Torah.
Wine mixed with warm water (why?) John 19:34.
Passover lamb called "his body"
The Festival of Unleavened Bread. 15th of Nisan
1 of 3 compulsory
Three times in a year shall all thy males appear before the LORD thy God in the place which he shall choose; in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles: and they shall not appear before the LORD empty: (Deu 16:16 KJV)
Lev 23:6-8 KJV
And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.
7. In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
8. But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
Called the Hag haMatza.
The people were to eat unleavened bread primarily because of haste due to their departure the day after Passover. Leavening takes time.
Leavening was discovered in Egypt and first used there first. Egypt is a type of the world
Leavening is a type of sin.
It corrupts by "puffing up" or Pride.
OT type Ex. 12:15; 13:7, Lev. 2:11;6:17;10:12
NT type Matt. 16:6; Luke 13:21; I Cor. 5:6-8; Gal 5:7-9
Pride was also evident in the original fall of Satan in Ezekiel and Isaiah
Ezek 28:12-19 KJV
12. Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty.
13. Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created.
14. Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire.
15. Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee.
16. By the multitude of thy merchandise they have filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned: therefore I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire. (Ezek 28:16 KJV)
17. Thine heart was lifted up because of thy beauty, thou hast corrupted thy wisdom by reason of thy brightness: I will cast thee to the ground, I will lay thee before kings, that they may behold thee.
18. Thou hast defiled thy sanctuaries by the multitude of thine iniquities, by the iniquity of thy traffic; therefore will I bring forth a fire from the midst of thee, it shall devour thee, and I will bring thee to ashes upon the earth in the sight of all them that behold thee.
19. All they that know thee among the people shall be astonished at thee: thou shalt be a terror, and never shalt thou be any more.
We see even more evidence that pride and rebellion go hand in hand in Isaiah 14.
Isa 14:12-15 KJV
12. How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!
13. For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:
14. I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.
15. Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit.
Jesus made sin for us. II Cor. 5:21, 1 John 3:5
Jesus "the bread of life" John 6:32-35; 47-51
Other bread models
Manna from Heaven
And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna: for they wist not what it was. And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which the LORD hath given you to eat. (Exo 16:15 KJV)
And the children of Israel did eat manna forty years, until they came to a land inhabited; they did eat manna, until they came unto the borders of the land of Canaan. (Exo 16:35 KJV)
And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live. (Deu 8:3 KJV)
John 6:31-35 KJV
31. Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
32. Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
33. For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world.
34. Then said they unto him, Lord, evermore give us this bread.
35. And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.
Gen. 14:18-20 KJV
18. And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.
19. And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:
20. And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all. (Gen. 14:20 KJV)
Melchizedek gave the bread and wine to Abram, Melchizedek means "The King of Righteousness"
Look at Bread and Wine at Last Supper
.Mat 26:26-28 KJV
26. And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body.
27. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it;
28. For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
Compare with story in Gen. 40 of Baker (broken) and Wine Steward (redeemed)
Frees from old life, bondage and call to separation.
That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts; (Eph 4:22 KJV)
The corrupt in the above verse reminds us of the corruption of leavening as a type of sin.
The Feast of the Firstfruits
9 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:
11 And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.
12 And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the LORD.
13 And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the LORD for a sweet savor: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin.
14 And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete:
Israel was in the wilderness 3 days prior to being delivered from death through the red sea into life!
Ex. 13, 14
1 Cor 15:20-23 KJV
20. But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept.
21. For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead.
22. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.
23. But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ's at his coming.
52 And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose,
53 And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many.
For if the firstfruit be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root be holy, so are the branches. (Rom 11:16 KJV)
Was Job among the saints that came out of their graves at the resurrection?
25 For I know that my redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth:
26 And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God:
I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me. (Gal 2:20 KJV)
11 Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord.
12 Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof.
13 Neither yield ye your members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto God.
14 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace.
Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures. (James 1:18 KJV)
When was Noah's new beginning?
And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat. (Gen. 8:4 KJV)
Remember though that the 7th month in the old calendar is the 1st month in the new. So the ark came to rest on Ararat on the 17th of Nisan or on the same day as Christ was resurrected and the same day as Israel "passed" from death to life though the waters of the Red Sea.
How long was Jesus in the grave? Some argue that any part of a day counts as a whole day and Jesus was crucified on Friday and resurrected on Sunday. Others see the mention of the High Sabbath in Matt 27:62 as a "Shabbaton" in the middle of the week and Jesus was crucified on Wed. the 14th of Nisan and resurrected on Sunday the 17th of Nisan or the Festival of Firstfruits.
Possible Final Week.
Friday 9th, In Bethany 6 day before Passover. John 12:1
Saturday 10th, Triumphal Entry, Matt. 21:5, Mark 11:17, Luke 19:28
Sunday 11th, Fig Tree Cursed, Matt. 21:18, Mark 11:12
Monday 12th, Conspirators Counsel, Matt 26:2, Mark 11:20, Luke 22:1
Tuesday, 13th, Last Supper, Matt. 26:17, Mark 14:7, Luke 22:7
Wednesday, 14th, Crucifixion, John 19:14, 31,42; Mark 15:42, Luke 23:17,54
Bones were to be broken to assure death prior to the sabbath which started at 6:00 pm the 14th of Nisan. The Passover lamb was killed in the "evening" or from 3:00pm to 6:00pm. Jesus died at 3:00 or the 9th hour of Lk 23:17-54.
Thursday 15th, Beginning of Feast of Unleavened Bread, lasts 7 days with 1st and last being Sabbaths. High Sabbath, Passover.
Friday 16th, Women prepare spices
Saturday 17th, sabbath, rested. Luke 23:56, "after Sabbaths Matt. 28:1 > 6:00 PM
In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre. (Mat 28:1 KJV)
Sunday 18th, He is risen!!!!
The Feast of Weeks
Hag Ha Shavout on 6th of Sivan
Also one of the three compulsory feasts.
Tradition says David died on 6th Sivan
15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete:
16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.
17 Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the LORD.
18 And ye shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering unto the LORD, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savour unto the LORD.
19 Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings.
20 And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before the LORD with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the LORD for the priest.
21 And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.
22 And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave them unto the poor, and to the stranger: I am the LORD your God.
Israel was given the law on the feast of weeks in Exodus 19. Passover was the 14th of Nisan + 3 days into the wilderness = 17th Nisan, then 3rd day of third of third month: 46 days. Moses to prepare for the third day: 49 days or 6th of Sivan.
The church was born on the 6th of Sivan also. cf Acts 2., John 14:25-26, Acts 1:8; 2:1-47
Note the strange occurance of the leaven in the bread. This should make us stand up and take notice. Leaven has heretofore been used as a type of sin, why are the loaves make with leaven?
Another parable spake he unto them; The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened. (Mat 13:33 KJV)
How does this verse stack up with all the other references with leavening being a type of evil? Also what about the 2 loaves that are not offered on the alter? Are these a type of the church in its first birth and second birth (rapture)
Note that Israel was also born on the 6th of Sivan and Pentecost is also called the "feast of Revelation. Compare Ex 19 with Acts 2
In the Pentecost feast note the 2 loaves, made with leaven. Is this the church? and the 2 lambs offered a type of both the church and Israel?
i.e. Jews and the Church, Law Vs Grace?
What really happened at Pentecost?
1. The Holy Spirit came down to inhabit the believers, and to resurrect their dead spirits.
2. They became a holy nation, of priests, and Kings
Rev. 1:6, 1Pet. 2:9
3. They were given a new language. Acts 2:4
4. They were given provision to be witnesses to the ends of the earth.
5. They were given living water. John 7:38
6. They were given the comforter who would "bring all things to remembrance. John 14:26
7. Were given the "Seal" of our Salvation. Eph 1:13
What else is there about the 6th of Sivan?
The Enoch Tradition
Born 6th of Sivan
Raptured 6th of Sivan
Israel and the Church are distinct
9:25 69 weeks
9:26 Interval or GAP
9:27 70th week.
The church is hidden in the OT. Eph. 3:3-7
Compare Luke 4:18-19 and Isa 61:1-2 and see the same gap.
Israel has been temporarily set aside: Luke 19:42 Vs Rom 11:25.
Would a rapture on the 6th of Sivan restart the clock for Israel?
Note the phrase "Trumpet of God" occurs only 2 times in the Bible
1. in Exodus 19:13, 16 at the giving of the Torah and
2. In the description of the rapture in I Thess. 4:16
3. The "Trumpet of God" in Ex. is a Yowbel or Ram's Horn.
The Fall Feasts
The Feast of Trumpets - Rosh HaShannah "Head of the Year" or the Jewish New Year. (on the old civil calendar)
23 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
24 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a Sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.
25 Ye shall do no servile work therein: but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
26 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
Originally to be one day but changed to two around 500 B.C.
The trumpets were not the silver Temple trumpets, but the Teki'at shofar or the rams horn. Isa. 58:1; 27:13, Joel etc. etc. used for alarm and victory.
The Akedah involving Abraham and Isaac on the mount. The ram, caught by its HORNS in the thicket.
Left horn called the "first trump"
Right horn called the "last trump"
3 series of 10 shofar blasts each.
A final blowing of 10 blasts called the Teki'ah Gedolah "the great blowing" Not short blasts of alarm but long blasts of Victory!
The last trump? compare 1 Cor. 15:51-52
The silver temple trumpets are Chatsotserah. The rams horns are Showphar or Yowbel. Yowbel literally means "ram" and ram's horns is yowbel yowbel in the Hebrew.
Yomin Noriam "Days of Affliction" between Tishri 2 and 10 or the 3rd through the 9th of Tishri or 7 days. 7 years of the 70th week?
The threshing floor idiom? Luke 3:16-17
The parallel in Ruth 3:8,9
The Day of Atonement:
16:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they offered before the LORD, and died;
2 And the LORD said unto Moses, Speak unto Aaron thy brother, that he come not at all times into the holy place within the veil before the mercy seat, which is upon the ark; that he die not: for I will appear in the cloud upon the mercy seat.
3 Thus shall Aaron come into the holy place: with a young bullock for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering.
4 He shall put on the holy linen coat, and he shall have the linen breeches upon his flesh, and shall be girded with a linen girdle, and with the linen mitre shall he be attired: these are holy garments; therefore shall he wash his flesh in water, and so put them on.
5 And he shall take of the congregation of the children of Israel two kids of the goats for a sin offering, and one ram for a burnt offering.
6 And Aaron shall offer his bullock of the sin offering, which is for himself, and make an atonement for himself, and for his house.
7 And he shall take the two goats, and present them before the LORD at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
8 And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat.
9 And Aaron shall bring the goat upon which the LORD'S lot fell, and offer him for a sin offering.
10 But the goat, on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat, shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make an atonement with him, and to let him go for a scapegoat into the wilderness.
11 And Aaron shall bring the bullock of the sin offering, which is for himself, and shall make an atonement for himself, and for his house, and shall kill the bullock of the sin offering which is for himself:
12 And he shall take a censer full of burning coals of fire from off the altar before the LORD, and his hands full of sweet incense beaten small, and bring it within the veil:
13 And he shall put the incense upon the fire before the LORD, that the cloud of the incense may cover the mercy seat that is upon the testimony, that he die not:
14 And he shall take of the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it with his finger upon the mercy seat eastward; and before the mercy seat shall he sprinkle of the blood with his finger seven times.
15 Then shall he kill the goat of the sin offering, that is for the people, and bring his blood within the veil, and do with that blood as he did with the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it upon the mercy seat, and before the mercy seat:
16 And he shall make an atonement for the holy place, because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions in all their sins: and so shall he do for the tabernacle of the congregation, that remaineth among them in the midst of their uncleanness.
17 And there shall be no man in the tabernacle of the congregation when he goeth in to make an atonement in the holy place, until he come out, and have made an atonement for himself, and for his household, and for all the congregation of Israel.
18 And he shall go out unto the altar that is before the LORD, and make an atonement for it; and shall take of the blood of the bullock, and of the blood of the goat, and put it upon the horns of the altar round about.
19 And he shall sprinkle of the blood upon it with his finger seven times, and cleanse it, and hallow it from the uncleanness of the children of Israel.
The event mentioned in the first verse occurred in Lev. 10: 1-3
10:1 And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, and put fire therein, and put incense thereon, and offered strange fire before the LORD, which he commanded them not.
2 And there went out fire from the LORD, and devoured them, and they died before the LORD.
3 Then Moses said unto Aaron, This is it that the LORD spake, saying, I will be sanctified in them that come nigh me, and before all the people I will be glorified. And Aaron held his peace.
The Day of Atonement is also on Lev. 23: 26-32
26 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
27 Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
28 And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the LORD your God.
29 For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people.
30 And whatsoever soul it be that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people.
31 Ye shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
32 It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.
There is also another mention in Hebrews 9:1-28
9:1 Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary.
2 For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the showbread; which is called the sanctuary.
3 And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all;
4 Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron's rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant;
5 And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercyseat; of which we cannot now speak particularly.
6 Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of God.
7 But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people:
8 The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing:
9 Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience;
10 Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.
11 But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building;
12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.
13 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh:
14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
15 And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
16 For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator.
17 For a testament is of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth.
18 Whereupon neither the first testament was dedicated without blood.
19 For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people,
20 Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you.
21 Moreover he sprinkled with blood both the tabernacle, and all the vessels of the ministry.
22 And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.
23 It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.
24 For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us:
25 Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others;
26 For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.
27 And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:
28 So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.
As we can see this is the most solemn of all the feasts. In fact any one not partaking was to be removed from the assembly.
The two goats: Azazel, scapegoat
20 And when he hath made an end of reconciling the holy place, and the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar, he shall bring the live goat:
21 And Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the head of the goat, and shall send him away by the hand of a fit man into the wilderness:
22 And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited: and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness.
SCAPEGOAT Animal that carried away the sins of the people into the wilderness on the Day of Atonement (Lev. 16:8,10,26). On the Day of Atonement, when the high priest went once a year into the holy of holies to offer sacrifices for the sins of his family and for all the people, two goats were brought before him. By lot, one was chosen to be "for the Lord." This goat was slain as a sin offering, and its blood was sprinkled on the cultic objects to help cleanse the altar, the sanctuary, and the tent of meeting from defilements of the past year.
The second goat was said to be "for Azazel." The word Azazel is usually interpreted to mean
"the goat of removal," or scapegoat. However, the term may also refer to a rocky place in the desert or to a demon of the desert. By laying his hands on the goat's head, the priest transferred the sins of the people to it and then had the goat led away into the desert, picturing the removal of the sins.
In the Book of Enoch, Azazel is identified as the leader of the fallen angels who lies bound beneath rocks in the desert awaiting judgment. The goat is led to that area and thrown to its death from a cliff. See Intertestamental History; Pseudepigrapha.
Although the scapegoat is not mentioned by name in the New Testament, Hebrews 10:3-17 contrasts sanctification through the sacrifice of Christ with the blood of bulls and goats which can never take away sins. See Sanctification.
Is Jesus our scapegoat?
6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.
2 Cor. 5:21
21 For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
Jesus was brought outside the city into the wilderness.
21 For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
It is also very likely that this was the same mountain that Abraham took Isaac during the Akedah and found the ram caught in the thickets by his horns.
Another sacrifice that was part of the temple ceremonies is mentioned in relation the Day of Atonement, but not directly associated with it, in that this sacrifice was necessary for all the temple acts.
The Red Heifer.
19:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying,
2 This is the ordinance of the law which the LORD hath commanded, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring thee a red heifer without spot, wherein is no blemish, and upon which never came yoke:
3 And ye shall give her unto Eleazar the priest, that he may bring her forth without the camp, and one shall slay her before his face:
4 And Eleazar the priest shall take of her blood with his finger, and sprinkle of her blood directly before the tabernacle of the congregation seven times:
5 And one shall burn the heifer in his sight; her skin, and her flesh, and her blood, with her dung, shall he burn:
6 And the priest shall take cedar wood, and hyssop, and scarlet, and cast it into the midst of the burning of the heifer.
7 Then the priest shall wash his clothes, and he shall bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he shall come into the camp, and the priest shall be unclean until the even.
8 And he that burneth her shall wash his clothes in water, and bathe his flesh in water, and shall be unclean until the even.
9 And a man that is clean shall gather up the ashes of the heifer, and lay them up without the camp in a clean place, and it shall be kept for the congregation of the children of Israel for a water of separation: it is a purification for sin.
Now this is the only sacrifice set forth from the book of numbers. It has some interesting peculiarities.
the ordinance (KJV): Nu 31:21 Heb 9:10
a red heifer (KJV): The following curious particulars have been remarked in this ordinance:
1. A heifer was appointed for sacrifice, in opposition to the Egyptian superstition, which held these sacred, and worshipped their goddess Isis under this form; and this appears the more likely, because males only were chosen for sacrifice. So Herodotus says, they sacrifice males, both old and young; but it is not lawful for them to offer females.
2. It was to be a red heifer, because the Egyptians sacrificed red bulls to the evil demon Typhon. 3. It was to be without spot, having no mixture of any other color. Plutarch says, the Egyptians
"sacrifice red bulls, and select them with such scrupulous attention, that if the animal has a single black or white hair, they reckon it [athuton,] unfit to be sacrificed."
4. Without blemish. (See note on Lev 22:21.)
5. On which never came yoke: because an animal which had been used for a common purpose was deemed improper for sacrifice. Nu 19:6 Lev 14:6 Isa 1:18 Rev 1:5
no blemish (KJV): Ex 12:5 Lev 22:20-25 Mal 1:13,14 Lu 1:35 Heb 7:26 1Pe 1:19 1Pe 2:22
upon which (KJV): De 21:3 1Sa 6:7 La 1:14 Joh 10:17,18 Php 2:6-8
Compare with John 2:1 ff with Jesus at the wedding in Cana. The six jars he had filled with water were jars for the purifying waters of the red heifer.
The veil in the Temple which guarded the way into the holiest of holies was 4" thick according to Josephus.
Rent: Matt: 27:50-51, Heb. 10:10, 14, 17-22, Isa. 52:14-15
The Feast of Tabernacles or Booths (Succoth)
33 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
34 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the LORD.
35 On the first day shall be an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
36 Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: it is a solemn assembly; and ye shall do no servile work therein.
37 These are the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD, a burnt offering, and a meat offering, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, every thing upon his day:
38 Beside the sabbaths of the LORD, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your freewill offerings, which ye give unto the LORD.
39 Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the LORD seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath.
40 And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days.
41 And ye shall keep it a feast unto the LORD seven days in the year. It shall be a statute for ever in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month.
42 Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths:
43 That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.
44 And Moses declared unto the children of Israel the feasts of the LORD.
Also one of the compulsory Feasts. A feast to celebrate the late harvest of Wheat and Grapes. Bringing in the fruit.
13 Thou shalt observe the feast of tabernacles seven days, after that thou hast gathered in thy corn and thy wine:
14 And thou shalt rejoice in thy feast, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite, the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are within thy gates.
15 Seven days shalt thou keep a solemn feast unto the LORD thy God in the place which the LORD shall choose: because the LORD thy God shall bless thee in all thine increase, and in all the works of thine hands, therefore thou shalt surely rejoice.
The Booths represented the wilderness wanderings of the Israelites and the wilderness wanderings of the tabernacle before it was put into a permanent Temple. Solomon dedicated the first Temple on the feast of Booths.
Look at Hosea 5:15 - 6:3
14 For I will be unto Ephraim as a lion, and as a young lion to the house of Judah: I, even I, will tear and go away; I will take away, and none shall rescue him.
15 I will go and return to my place, till they acknowledge their offense, and seek my face: in their affliction they will seek me early.
6:1 Come, and let us return unto the LORD: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up.
2 After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight.
3 Then shall we know, if we follow on to know the LORD: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter and former rain unto the earth.
After 7 days the Israelites left their temporary dwellings for their permanent ones.
compare to Zech. 14:
14:1 Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, and thy spoil shall be divided in the midst of thee.
2 For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, and the women ravished; and half of the city shall go forth into captivity, and the residue of the people shall not be cut off from the city.
3 Then shall the LORD go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle.
4 And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south.
5 And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the LORD my God shall come, and all the saints with thee.
6 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the light shall not be clear, nor dark:
7 But it shall be one day which shall be known to the LORD, not day, nor night: but it shall come to pass, that at evening time it shall be light.
8 And it shall be in that day, that living waters shall go out from Jerusalem; half of them toward the former sea, and half of them toward the hinder sea: in summer and in winter shall it be.
9 And the LORD shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one LORD, and his name one.
10 All the land shall be turned as a plain from Geba to Rimmon south of Jerusalem: and it shall be lifted up, and inhabited in her place, from Benjamin's gate unto the place of the first gate, unto the corner gate, and from the tower of Hananeel unto the king's winepresses.
11 And men shall dwell in it, and there shall be no more utter destruction; but Jerusalem shall be safely inhabited.
12 And this shall be the plague wherewith the LORD will smite all the people that have fought against Jerusalem; Their flesh shall consume away while they stand upon their feet, and their eyes shall consume away in their holes, and their tongue shall consume away in their mouth.
13 And it shall come to pass in that day, that a great tumult from the LORD shall be among them; and they shall lay hold every one on the hand of his neighbor, and his hand shall rise up against the hand of his neighbor.
14 And Judah also shall fight at Jerusalem; and the wealth of all the heathen round about shall be gathered together, gold, and silver, and apparel, in great abundance.
15 And so shall be the plague of the horse, of the mule, of the camel, and of the ass, and of all the beasts that shall be in these tents, as this plague.
16 And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles.
17 And it shall be, that whoso will not come up of all the families of the earth unto Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, even upon them shall be no rain.
18 And if the family of Egypt go not up, and come not, that have no rain; there shall be the plague, wherewith the LORD will smite the heathen that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles.
19 This shall be the punishment of Egypt, and the punishment of all nations that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles.
The verse 3 states that the Lord will fight for Israel as He fought in the day of battle. What battle?
13 And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, there stood a man over against him with his sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua went unto him, and said unto him, Art thou for us, or for our adversaries?
14 And he said, Nay; but as captain of the host of the LORD am I now come. And Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship, and said unto him, What saith my lord unto his servant?
15 And the captain of the LORD'S host said unto Joshua, Loose thy shoe from off thy foot; for the place whereon thou standest is holy. And Joshua did so.
6:1 Now Jericho was straitly shut up because of the children of Israel: none went out, and none came in.
2 And the LORD said unto Joshua, See, I have given into thine hand Jericho, and the king thereof, and the mighty men of valor.
3 And ye shall compass the city, all ye men of war, and go round about the city once. Thus shalt thou do six days.
4 And seven priests shall bear before the ark seven trumpets of rams' horns: and the seventh day ye shall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets.
5 And it shall come to pass, that when they make a long blast with the ram's horn, and when ye hear the sound of the trumpet, all the people shall shout with a great shout; and the wall of the city shall fall down flat, and the people shall ascend up every man straight before him.
This was a theophany of Jesus, or Joshua or Yeshua (Savior) He fought the battle at Jericho.
If you will notice everything about the battle is against Levitical law.
1. The Ark was not to go into battle.
2. The Levites were not to go into battle.
4. The people were to rest and be quiet on the Sabbath.
Joshua and Revelation comparisons.
1. Joshua fought against 7 kings who aligned themselves with a King who called himself Adonizedek or King of Righteousness.
2. The kings were defeated at Beth Horan (the long day of Joshua) and went to hide in caves.
3. Two spies went into the land.
4. on six days trumpets are blown and the people are silent. The seventh day (seventh trumpet) contains the judgement of Jericho.
Verse 8 talks about living waters coming out of the Mountain of the Lord. Jesus had something to say about that.
37 In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink.
38 He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water.
Jesus is making reference to two instances of Prophetic waters.
1. Exodus 17:6
2. Zechariah 14:8
Willow: No fragrance, no fruit
Myrtle: Fragrance, no fruit
Palm: No fragrance, fruit
Citrus: Fragrance, fruit.
Compare with Matt. 13:2-9, 18-23,
Men as trees. Psalm 1, Dan 4
Sacrifices: 7 days. 13 bulls the first, 12 the 2nd and so on. equal 70 in total.
equals the number of nations in Genesis 10.
Transfiguration during the Feast of Booths? Peter wanted to build 3 "succoths"