What Do The Arguments Tell Us About God?
To create and sustain the universe would require an extremely powerful God. Dr. Howard Putoff, researcher in the ZPE (Zero Point Energy field) stated that this sustaining energy field in one cubic meter had an energy density per second over 10 trillion times the total world energy grid for a whole year.
Carl Sagan even admitted that the design of the universe is far above anything man could devise. Intelligent design begets an intelligent designer.
A Necessary Being is by definition an eternal (e = no, tern = time or no-time) being. He has no beginning or end. He is infinite and cannot change; he cannot become something new nor change to something he is not. His being is necessary for all else that exists. He is the uncaused cause.
The existence of moral law in the mind of a moral lawgiver shows us God is a moral being. He is not above morality (like some think they are!) nor is he beneath morality (like a rock i.e. Hinduism). He is also good because he created good things. People always expect to be treated better than things, thus they value themselves as better than amoral objects or even animals. Even someone denying human value at least expects you to value his opinion.
We say God is all-powerful, all knowing, all good, infinite (concretely), uncreated, unchanging, eternal and omnipresent. There can only be one like Him. We cannot distinguish between two infinite beings. There cannot be two of this kind in existence.
The cosmological argument says more than God exists, but that He is the creator. While God is infinite we can distinguish between His finite creation and Him. This gives us real meaning as the finite universe cannot explain its own creation and is thus meaningless without a creator. His very character gives us meaning.
God told Moses that His name is “I AM WHO I AM” (YAHWEH) Ex. 3:14
God is eternal (Col. 1:71, Heb 1:2)
God is unchanging (Mal 3:6, Heb. 6:18)
God is infinite (I Kings 8:27)
God is all-powerful (Heb. 1:3, Matt. 19:26)
God is all-good (Ps. 86:5, Luke 18:19
IF EVERYTHING NEEDS A CAUSE, THEN WHAT CAUSED GOD?
Some people just don’t listen. Everything that has a beginning needs a cause. Only finite, contingent things need a cause. He is infinite and eternal. He has no beginning. If God needed a cause, we would begin an infinite regress of causes that could never answer the question.
IF GOD CREATED ALL THINGS THEN HOW DID HE CREATE HIMSELF?
There are only three kinds of beings potentially possible:
1. Self caused – which is impossible as the existence cannot be prior to the cause.
IF GOD IS ETERNAL, WHEN DID HE CREATE THE WORLD?
Someone is confused. We dwell in time and can imagine a moment before time, but such a moment doesn’t exist. Time is a function of space, energy and mass. It is part of the universe and does not exist outside the universe. Time can be dilated by acceleration and mass. Outside of time is eternity or a condition of no time.
IF GOD KNOWS EVERYTHING, AND HIS KNOWLEDGE CAN’T CHANGE, THEN EVERYTHING IS PREDETERMINED AND THERE IS NO FREE WILL.
Knowing what men will do with their freedom in not the same as ordaining what they must do against their free choice. God is responsible for the fact of free will and man is responsible for the acts of freedom. There is no illogic in a God who creates free will so man can love Him freely.
GOD IS NOTHING BUT A PSYCHOLOGICAL CRUTCH, A WISH, A PROJECTION OF WHAT WE HOPE IS TRUE.
This argument has a serious error. How can men know that God is “nothing but” a projection, unless they have “more than” knowledge? To be sure that man’s consciousness is the limit of reality and that there is nothing beyond it, one must go beyond the limits of man’s consciousness. But if one can go beyond, then there are no limits. This objection says that nothing exists outside our minds, but a person must go outside the boundaries of his own mind to say that. This is a self defeating argument.